Botox or Botulinum toxin is derived from bacteria called Clostridium botulinum, and it a poison. It has been used for wrinkle treatment in a very diluted state for over 20 years. It is FDA approved and is the most used cosmetic application.
Botox temporarily paralyses the muscles in areas applied, thus the wrinkles can be lessened drastically. It is also preventing new lines to form, as expression lines cannot be used. Botox does not have negative effects in other tissues and it’s effects disappear in 4 to 6 months, thus requiring repeat applications.
Botox is applied when the patient is sitting and the patient should not lie down or bend over for a few hours application to ensure correct placement of the substance.
Important points before Botox application
- Do not use aspirin or medication containing aspirin
- Do not use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication 10 days before Botox application as they may cause bruising, yet bruising will fade with time.
- Do not consume alcohol as it may they may cause bruising, yet bruising will fade with time.
- Remain straight for a few hours after application and exercise application areas.
Botox is not a filler and cannot be applied everywhere, fillers may be used to areas where it cannot be applied to. Botox is applied via injections with minimal pain. The effects show within a week and last from 3 to 9 months.
A secondary benefit is brow lifting by paralyzing some of the brow muscles, thus lifting the brow.
Botox side effects
As Botox treatments are temporary, there are virtually no side effects. There may be slight bleeding and bruising at the needle penetration points and may cause head aches for a few days. If it is injected close to the eye lid, may cause droopiness, but this is extremely rare.
For those who regularly get Botox injections, there may be expression changes due to weakening of the muscle. It is recommended for them to repeat injections with longer intervals after the second year.
Its use is not recommended with pregnant and breast feeding women, patients with muscle tissue illnesses and those with skin problems.