Discoloration under the eyes is mostly due to genetic inheritance.Although it is observed with patients with light skin colors, it more commonly occurs with darker skins. The veins being close to the surface or fat cell accumlation at the veins are the main causes. Darker skin pigmentation are common causes as well, or it is causes by the combination of the above. It can occur all around the eye, upto the eye brows.
These are easily affected by the environmenr, stress, tiredness, sleeplessness, smoking, alcohol consumption; botox can have increasing effects as well.
The time required and result achieved varies, but they are treated with proper treatment. Use of regular cosmetics can decrease their visibilty, but is not a permanant solution.
As a precoution, resting the eyes frequently is recommended.
Cosmetics as sated above does not offer a permanant cure The best solution is a laser treatment , in some cases, it is combined with a simple operation. When laser treatment is selected, repeat sessions may be required and healing takes upto a week. During this time, the patient must avoid exposure to sun light.