The deformation of surface veins by becoming longer and curved, and widening of these veins is called varicious. The veins that can have this deformity are those that pump the blood toward the heart, with valves whose function is to ensure a steady one way flow of the blood, even by working against gravity. Excessive weight gain and pregnancy or long term pressure may cause clogging in these veins, and the blood does not flow in the direction in needs to, and starts accumulating. The accumulation reflects on the skin surface as blue, red or purple veins.
These veins have nerves and flat muscle tissue around them, with expantion and pressure, the varicious tissue. There may be night cramps, itching, bloating and pain after standing up for a while can occur. These complaints may increase during pregnancy and monthly periodsa.
If the valves within the veins for a reason such as vein inflamaiton, excessive weights gain, pregnancy, genetical profile etc. Do not function as they should increases the pressure in th leg veins. With time, the deformation of surface veins by becoming longer and curved, and widening of these veins are called varicious
Those who are standing for long periods of time such as teachers, nurses, operating doctors, policemen, dentists and waiters are in the high risk group.In reverse, those who uses the calve muscles are a low risk group, and those sitting for long periods of time, such as office workers may have this problem as well. Women are subject to getting it four times more than men, and the risk rate increases with age.
There are 3 types of varicious veins.
1. Thicker gren hued main artery varicious veins.
2. Web like formations at the lower layers of the skin with a purple hue
3. Thread like formation with a red hue
Patients who have light cases or those with a high risk for operations wear related pantyhoses. The treatment of various veins should address two issues together. The visible veins must be treated, yet most importantly, the cause of the pressure build up in the veins must be addresses. With both actions, the esthetics will be improved and the swelling and aches will be cured as well.
Sklerotherapy ( treatment with needles)
Ingection with very fine needles to close and remove the problemtic veins is a simple way to explain this treatment. As these veins are not functioning, their removal will not be of consequence. This is applied to varicious veins with a diameter of 1 to 3 milimeters. The patient can walk immediately after the proceedure. It is suggested to wear a varicious vein panyhose upto 5 days following the proceedure. Side effects and allergic reactions are rarely observed. The overflow of the ingection from the vein may cause discoloration and bruising and swelling is temporary.
Nd-YAG laser treatment
Laser technology in varicious vein treatment has increased in the past 5 years, and can be applied externally to veins with a diameter under 1 milimeter. It is a simple proceedure and does not require special care; the patients can continue their normal lives. The use of Nd-YAG laser has simplified the treatment of this problem, and the blue, red or purple discolorations are erased fully.
The fine veins that become visible with age around the face, cheeks and nose can be treated as well.
Operation of the varicious veins.
The defective veins are removed via operation under local anesthesia, by finly cuttings or specail tools.
Prevention of varicious veins.
The most important factor of varicious veind is the genetic profile.In addition to this; those who are working in immobile fields can develop them. It is not simple to avoid them as there is no medication against them. Weight control, regular sports, not remaining in the same position for long periods of time and using protective panyhose is recommended. It is helpfull to lift the legs as much as possbile and those who are prone should aviod wearing high heels.